Partial mobilization in Russia. Q&A

Please be informed that the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the announcement of partial mobilization in the Russian Federation" dated September 21, 2022 No. 647 came into immediate effect.
The Decree contains only general provisions that do not allow us to assess all its practical consequences now. Therefore, we have collected all the official information available now and prepared the first comments for you, our clients and colleagues. 

Categories of citizens subject to mobilization

The Decree does not contain a list of categories of citizens subject to conscription. Mobilization is defined as “partial mobilization”, but no specifics are provided.

The Decree instructs the heads of Russian regions to ensure the conscription of citizens in the number and within the time limits determined for each subject of the Russian Federation by the Ministry of Defence.

According to the Decree, citizens working in defence enterprises are granted the right of deferment from mobilization. Categories of citizens who are granted the right from conscription and the procedure of this granting is to be determined by the Russian government.

Additional grounds for deferment from mobilization are provided in the Law of February 26, 1997 No. 31-FZ "On mobilization arrangements and mobilization" (Article 18).

Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu commented to a state TV channel that those citizens in the military reserve who have served in the army, have the necessary military specialty and combat experience are subject to mobilization. Students, as well as those who are already serving in the army, are not subject to mobilization.

Tass News Agency reported that the Ministry of Defence had given partial mobilization targets to all Russian regions and the General Staff had provided necessary instructions on the rules of mobilization. Governors of some regions (Tatarstan, Dagestan, Samara, Kursk regions etc.) confirmed the receipt of directives from the Ministry of Defence and the start their implementation. Mobilized citizens are given military draft papers (draft cards) in person, also via HR departments of their employers.

Status on possibility to exit Russia

The presidential Decree does not impose restriction on exiting Russia for those subject to mobilization. The law "On mobilization arrangements and mobilization" (Article 21) restricts citizens registered with military commissariats from travelling away from the place of their residence once a mobilization is declared. But it is unclear yet whether this fully applies to a partial mobilization case.

Russian Presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov commented at the briefing on 21st September that explanations regarding the possibility of exit for those subject to mobilization would follow.

We are closely monitoring situation at the border checkpoints. As of now, citizens are allowed through seamlessly, the checks by border police officials are limited to a regular interview on the purpose of exit, timeframes of stay and final destination.

❓ Obligations for those subject to mobilization (according to the Law "On mobilization arrangements and mobilization")

1. Citizens subject to mobilization are obliged to comply with all requirements of the military draft papers (draft cards) and instructions from the military commissariats.

2. Citizens who are on military registration are prohibited from leaving their place of residence without the permission of military commissariats. Military registration is confirmed by military ID or a temporary certificate issued instead of it or by a conscription certificate or other document specified by the Ministry of Defence. 

Military registration is not compulsory for: 

• those who reside abroad on a permanent basis, 
• women who do not have a military specialty, 
• those already serving in the military,
• convicts 

We expect additional clarifications to be provided by the competent authorities. We will keep you informed accordingly.

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