The center of Rostov-on-Don is located ~1076 km (2006) southeast from Moscow. It is basically situated to the southeast from the East European Plain, mostly on the right bank of the Don river, 46 km from it’s confluence with the Sea of Azov. South-Western suburbs of the city side with the delta of the Don river.
Population of Rostov-on-Don is 1,052 million people (2007). It is the 10th biggest city in the Russian Federation. Together with its Rostov agglomeration population of the city is 1,8 million people (6th place in the country).
There are about 2,57 million people in Rostov-Shakhtinsk conurbation.
The climate of the Rostov Region is temperate. There are noticeable variations in the climate of its districts, considering the large size of the region. Winter comes gradually and is mostly snowless. The severest frosts are in January and at the beginning of February. In the Northern part of the region it is sometimes 25-35 degrees below zero. Spring comes at the beginning of April and is the nicest season in Rostov. Late autumn (after September and October) is characterized by the continuous cold rains. Usually such weather lasts till the middle of November.
Climate of Rostov is temperate continental. The winter is mild; average temperature in January is -4,4 °C. Summer is hot and continuous. The weather is mostly sunny; average temperature in July is +22,9 °C. Atmospheric precipitation – 620 mm/year.
Average annual atmospheric temperature: +9,6 °C. The lowest ever atmospheric temperature stated -31,9 °C. The highest ever atmospheric temperature stated +39,9 °C.
Average annual wind speed: 2,7 m/sec. Average annual atmospheric humidity: 72%